3D printing and scanning are being used to preserve and recreate historical pieces and artifacts. Recently, the University of Melbourne used 3D printing to reconstruct the face of 2,000-year-old mummy.
The mummified skull of a young Egyptian woman was CT scanned to collect high-resolution images of the skull. From the images, Dr. Ryan Jefferies and his team were able to discover that the woman was in her mid-twenties and that she might have suffered from anemia.
After collecting the images the team of researchers decided to learn how the woman looked when she was still alive. They used a 3D printer to produce a replica of the woman's skull, and Jennifer Mann a sculptor worked on reconstructing the face.
The team used complex techniques and various pieces of information (population averages, historical data, and more) to finish reconstructing the face.
The use of CT scanning and 3D printing allowed the researchers to study the woman's skull without having to remove the ancient bandages. From the images and 3D printed skull they were able to collect enough information in order to reconstruct the woman's face.
Photo Credit: University of Melbourne and Jennifer Mann